September 16, 2019

Bleeding after Sex: What you should know

Bleeding after sex are vaginal bleeding that comes from women after sexual intercourse. the medical experts often describe this type of bleeding that comes from the vagina after sex as postcoital bleeding.

The source of this bleeding could differ from one women to the other depending on whether the woman is menstruating or not.

When this bleeding which occurs after sex is related to menstruation, then this can probably not to be considered as postcoital bleeding.

Postcoital bleeding can occur in anyone which is involved in sexual intercourse.

What can cause this bleeding after sex?

These are some common causes that can cause postcoital bleeding 

πŸ‘‰ Injury: vaginal bleeding after intercourse can occur as a result of injury which is as a result of too much friction and abrasion and also from small tears and cuts in sensitive parts of the vagina.

During childbirth, in some cases there could be a small cut or tear from the vagina which can make it more vulnerable to injury during sexual intercourse.

first time sex in some women can often lead to vaginal bleeding which is as a result of the hymen-a tiny membrane covering the vaginal in women that has not had sex before and this membrane can torn during sexual intercourse leading to vaginal bleeding.

πŸ‘‰ Vaginal dryness: Vaginal dryness is one of the most common causes of vaginal bleeding. Usually when the vagina skin is too dry it makes the sexual intercourse very difficult and vulnerable to bleeding.

These are common causes of vaginal dryness

πŸ‘± Genitourinary syndrome of menopause

πŸ‘± Ovary damage or removal

πŸ‘± Childbirth and breast-feeding

πŸ‘± Medications that can interfere with estrogen or dehydrate the body 

πŸ‘± Chemicals and other irritants 

πŸ‘± Douching

πŸ‘‰Infections: vaginal infections can lead to inflammation of the vaginal tissues, makimg it prone for damage. Some of these infection are yeast infection, vaginitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, STIs such as gonorrhea.

πŸ‘‰ Endometriosis:  this condition can make the endometrial tissue i.e the tissue that cover the uterus to grow outside of it and this can eventually lead to inflammation which are usually around the pelvic and abdominal region.

πŸ‘‰ Anatomical abnormalities: some female has some differently shaped abnormal reproductive organs which can increase the risk of postcoital bleeding.

What are the common Risk factors of postcoital bleeding? 

πŸ‘‰ Vaginal dryness which can also lead to dyspareunia

πŸ‘‰A very aggressive sexual intercourse 

πŸ‘‰ Vaginal infections 

πŸ‘‰ Douching

πŸ‘‰ Exposing the vagina to chemicals and irritants 

πŸ‘‰ Being perimenopausal, menopausal, or postmenopausal see also premenstrual syndromne

πŸ‘‰ Anxiety or lack of experience in sexual intercourse or what is vaginismus 

πŸ‘‰ Inflammation around the vaginal tissues 

How can this condition be diagnosed? 

Many health professionals may perform a full physical exam and as some questions about individual and family medical histories as well as recommend some additional tests such as;

πŸ‘‰ Pregnancy test

πŸ‘‰ Culture test for infections 

πŸ‘‰Transvaginal ultrasound etc

When do I see a doctor?

Don't hesitate to see a doctor when postcoital bleeding is very severe, frequent or it continues for a few hours after sexual intercourse.

Also talk to a doctor when there is 

πŸ‘‰ Vaginal itching 

πŸ‘‰ Low back pain

πŸ‘‰ Abnormal vaginal discharge 

πŸ‘‰ Unexplained weakness or fatique

πŸ‘‰ Headaches or lightheadedness 

How is Postcoital Bleeding treated?

πŸ‘‰ Medications for viral infections 

πŸ‘‰ Vaginal moisturizers

πŸ‘‰ Antibiotics for infections caused by bacteria such as syphilis, gonorrhea etc

πŸ‘‰ Surgery for cases of cancer

Postcoital bleeding is usually a common occurrence especially in women who are menstruating, moreover bleeding after intercourse in women who are menstruating usually stops on its own.

But severe, chronic or complicated bleeding may in some cases require medical attention.

Women who experience bleeding after intercourse during periods such as menopause, pregnancy, or breast-feeding, should also book an appointment with the doctor.

Remember Health Is Wealth 

Written By: Isikadi Precious RN. 

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Founder/CEO Isikadi Precious Media Inc. Africa's leading Media Tech company with digital media Superbrand focused on Health, Nursing Updates, News, Entertainment, and Inspiration.