September 22, 2019

Bacterial Vaginosis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Bacterial vaginosis, which can be referred also as vaginal bacteriosis, and is one of the most common cause of vaginal infection for girls of childbearing age.

It frequently develops after sexual intercourse with a new partner, and it is rare for a woman to have it if she has never had sexual intercourse.

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) additionally will increase the danger of developing a sexually transmitted infection (STI).

However, Bacterial vaginosis is not considered to be an STI.

Bacterial Vaginosis infection is presumed  to mostly have an effect on girls between the ages of fifteen and ladies of forty four years.

Fast facts about bacterial vaginosis 

👉 Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection among women aged 15 to 44 years.

👉 Symptoms, If they appear, may include itching and a gray, watery discharge with a "fishy" smell. Untreated BV can lead to serious complications.

👉 Treatment is normally with antibiotics .

👉 Some home remedies can be used for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, but anyone with symptoms should see a doctor.


Bacterial vaginosis may be asymptomatic but if symptoms occur, they include vaginal discharge, burning, and itching. 

Vaginal discharge may: be watery, gray or white in color and it can also have a strong and unpleasant smell, often described as fishy smell. 

a burning sensation during urination can accompany a bacterial vaginosis and also itching around the outside of the vagina.

Between 50-75% of ladies with bacterial vaginosis are asymptomatic. Bacterial vaginosis may not be harmful, but complications can arise.


Complications that are coupled to bacterial vaginosis mostly includes: 

👉 HIV infection, as Bacteria Vaginosis increases the susceptibility to the virus.

👉 STIs, such as the herpes simplex virus, chlamydia , gonorrhea , and human papilloma virus (HPV).

👉 Post-surgical infection, for instance, after a termination or a hysterectomy

Possible complications of BV during pregnancy include:

👉 Early, or preterm delivery

👉 Loss of pregnancy 

👉 the amniotic sac breaking open too early

👉 postpartum endometritis, an irritation or inflammation of the lining of the uterus after delivery 

👉 tubal issue physiological state , caused by harm to the fallopian tubes, that connect the ovaries to the uterus 

👉 chorioamnionitis is an inflammation of the membranes which surrounds the fetus, these membranes are known as the chorion and the amnion.

Chorioamnionitis considerably will increase the possibility early delivery. If the newborn survives, they have a higher risk of cerebral palsy .

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is also less probably to succeed if a girl has BV.

Bacterial vaginosis also increases the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection and inflammation of the upper feminine tract that may have severe consequences, together with physiological state.


Bacteria Vaginosis is caused by an imbalance of the normal flora of the vagina. Why this happens is not clear.

It is totally different from monilia disease , a yeast infection, or Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) , or trichomoniasis, also known as trich. These are not caused by bacteria.

The role of bacteria

All elements of the body have microorganism, however some are helpful whereas others are harmful. 

The epithelial duct contains principally "good" microorganism and a few harmful microorganism. 

Bacterial vaginosis normally occurs when there is an overgrowth the the normal vaginal flora.

A vagina should contain bacteria called lactobacilli. The Lactobacilus bacteria then produces lactic acid, making the vagina to be slightly acidic. This prevents other bacteria from growing there.

Lower levels of lactobacilli could cause the epithelial duct to dwindle acidic. If the vagina is not as acidic as it ought to be, this will offer alternative microorganism the possibility to grow and thrive. However, exactly how these harmful microorganism are coupled with BV isn't far-famed.

Risk factors

Any lady will develop BV, however some behaviors or activities will increase the danger. 

These include:

👉 douching

👉 having a bath with antiseptic liquids

👉 having a new sex partner

👉 having multiple sex partners

👉 using perfumed bubble baths, duct deodorants, and some scented soaps

👉 washing underwear with strong detergents

Bacterial vaginosis can not be caught from rest room seats, bedding, swimming pools, or touching objects.


Bacterial vaginosis typically clears up while no treatment, but women with signs and symptoms should seek treatment to avoid complications.

Treatment might not be required if the client is asymptomatic, Sometimes bacterial vaginosis can come and go without taking any medications. 

If there's an abnormal discharge, it's necessary to visit a doctor as fast as possible. A doctor will diagnose BV and rule out alternative infections, such as gonorrhea or trich.

Untreated BV may also cause complications, particularly throughout gestation. 

Some doctors advocate giving BV treatment to any or all girls World Health Organization are going to be undergoing a ablation or termination, before the procedure, regardless of symptoms.

Male partners don't typically would like treatment, but they can spread BV between female sex partners.

Antibiotics are effective in up to 90% of cases, but BV often comes back again within a few weeks.

Metronidazole is the most common antibiotic for bacterial vaginosis, It is available in the following forms:

Tablets: Taken orally, twice daily for 7 days.


The doctor is also ready to diagnose bacterial vaginosis from an outline of symptoms and a physical examination. they'll look out for associate degree unpleasant smell and a skinny, white or grey discharge.

If the patient is sexually active there is a possibility that an STI may occur, so the doctor may order some diagnostic tests.

A swab or tiny plastic loop may be used to collect sample cells from the duct wall. The pH balance of the epithelial duct might also be measured, to assess acidity levels.

Remember Health Is Wealth 

Written by: Isikadi Precious RN.
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Founder/CEO Isikadi Precious Media Inc. Africa's leading Media Tech company with digital media Superbrand focused on Health, Nursing Updates, News, Entertainment, and Inspiration.